The health and protection of our marine and coastal environments are vital to humans survival with communities around the world relying on the marine environment for food and income but 60% of these marine ecosystems have been threatened or destroyed due to unsustainable practices. With over 81,000 kilometres of coastline and 51,000 square kilometres of coral reefs, Indonesia also faces huge threats to its unique and beautiful marine environments.

Here are some quick stats and facts about the ocean and Indonesia’s marine environments.

The Ocean

  • 70% of the earth’s surface is covered by oceans and seas.
  • According to FAO, 10-12% of the world’s population depends on the ocean for food and income.
  • The world’s ocean help to regulate the temperature of our planet by retaining heat, especially in tropical waters around the equator.

Marine Issues

  • Land-based pollution, including agricultural run-off, untreated sewage, and plastics, contributes to around 80% of marine pollution.
  • Indonesia is the world’s second-largest marine polluter after China.
  • Each year, marine debris cause the death of more than 100,000 marine mammals.
  • Over 55% of reefs worldwide are overfished and/or suffer from destructive fishing techniques.
  • In Indonesia, the three major threats to marine environments include damaging fishing techniques, irresponsible tourism and pollution.